- 7.6 million children under the age of five die every year, according to 2010 figures (WHO, 2011)
- Over two-thirds of these early child deaths are due to conditions that could be prevented or treated with access to simple, affordable interventions. (WHO, 2011)
- Approximately 40% of child deaths occur in infants under one month old. (WHO, 2011)
- Children in low-income countries are nearly 18 times more likely to die before the age of five than children in high-income countries.
Impact of Vaccines
- Vaccines are cost-effective and life-saving.
- In 2010, 109 million children were immunized with three doses of tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccine (WHO, 2011)
- Vaccines prevent 2.5 million deaths every year in all age groups (WHO, 2011)
- Expanding coverage of vaccines at the national and subnational level could prevent 2 million additional deaths in children under 5 (WHO, UNICEF, World Bank, 2009).
Vaccine Preventable Deaths
Despite reaching 109 million children last year with three doses of the tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccine, 19.3 million children were not reached in 2010 (WHO, 2011).
As a result of undervaccination, the WHO estimates that 1.7 million children under 5 still die from diseases preventable by vaccines currently recommended by WHO (2008 estimate) (WHO, 2011)
This represents approximately 20% of under five child deaths and 30% of child deaths between 1 – 59 months old (WHO, 2011)
WHO. (2011). Children: Reducing Mortality. Retrieved January 2012, from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en/index.html
WHO. (2011). Global Immunization Data. Retrieved January 2012, from http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/Global_Immunization_Data.pdf