2010 Publications

Women and Tuberculosis: Taking Action Against a Neglected Issue

ACTION (July 2010)

Though tuberculosis is the third leading killer of adult women worldwide, TB has long been neglected as a women's health issue. Women face particular barriers to diagnosis and care, and their experience of the disease can be different than men's. In addition to TB's unique medical and health impacts on women, a TB diagnosis can also bring with it intense stigma that disproportionately affects women and girls. In this brief, ACTION reviews the evidence regarding women and TB and provides recommendations for accelerating the response by integrating TB services with those for maternal and child health and by increasing collaboration on advocacy between the infectious disease and the maternal and child health communities.

Aid Without Impact: RESULTS Executive Summary

ACTION (July 2010)

This report seeks to assess the efforts of the World Bank and its development partners to address TB in sub-Saharan Africa through SWAps. Moreover, because SWAps are intended to improve public health more generally, the research yielded evidence regarding their performance against other priority health interventions.

Aid Without Impact: How the World Bank and Development Partners Are Failing to Improve Health Through SWAps

ACTION (July 2010)

The last decade saw and increase in support for broader health sector development in sub-Saharan Africa, but has this lead to improvements in health outcomes? Overwhelming evidence indicates it has not. This report assesses the World Bank and its partner's efforts to improve TB and other health outcomes using Sector Wide Approaches (SWAps). The findings suggest that SWAps, as currently implemented, do not effectively address the alarming rates of TB in sub-Saharan Africa. The report uncovers a shocking lack of attention to results by the Bank and its partners. The analysis shows that in order to reduce the burden of TB and other diseases, SWAps must move beyond coordinating aid and focusing on measuring and improving health outcomes.

U.S. HIV/AIDS Policy & the Fight Against Tuberclusis: An Advocacy Case Study

ACTION (March 2010)

In 2003, the U.S. launched a new response to HIV/AIDS abroad called The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). PEPFAR was the largest commitment in history by any individual nation to combat a single disease. While it signaled what would become an enormous achievement, at the outset, the plan failed to confront the number one infectious killer of people with HIV/AIDS: tuberculosis (TB).