Polio Accountability Tool

Eradicating polio is one of humanity’s great public health goals; with over 100 years of effort, beginning with decades of work to create a vaccine, 2016 had the smallest number of polio cases ever reported.  Use ACTION’s Polio Accountability Tool to see the history of the effort to eradicate polio, and track the government dollars that have made polio eradication a likelihood.

The effort to eradicate polio is a global endeavor that began a full century ago.  The ACTION polio timeline gives a snapshot of investments that have been made globally in to the fight against polio, and captures some of the milestones and progress that has been made as a result.

1938

1938

March of Dimes fundraising campaign launched to fund research to find a vaccine.

1955

1955

1st vaccine against polio developed by Dr. Jonas Salk.

1961

1961

New “live” oral vaccine developed by Dr. Albert Sabin rapidly adopted worldwide.

1985

1985

Rotary International launches PolioPlus, kickstarting fundraising and volunteer efforts to immunize children worldwide.

1988

1988

Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) launched with core partners Rotary International, WHO, CDC, and UNICEF to scale up the response at a time when over 350,000 children were paralyzed each year by polio across 125 countries.

1988–2002

1988–2002

US$1.54 billion contributed by 21 countries to establish GPEI and roll-out immunization campaigns. Highest contributors: United States, UK, Japan.

1990

1990

Global Polio Laboratory Network established to enhance disease detection.

1991

1991

On the success of large-scale immunization programs, the Americas, Western Pacific and Europe regions reported their last cases of polio in 1991, 1997 & 1998 respectively and are formally certified polio-free three years later.

1995

1995

Immunization programs scale up: for example, in 1995, over 56 million children are vaccinated in 19 European and Eastern Mediterranean countries and 87 million are vaccinated in India alone.

2001

2001

Scaled up vaccination campaigns reach 575 million children vaccinated in 94 countries, including millions in Afghanistan,Pakistan, and conflict-affected countries in Africa.

2004

2004

Further scale-up includes synchronized National Immunization Days in 23 countries in Africa to reach 80 million children, the largest-ever synchronized public health campaign at that time.

2003–2007

2003–2007

US$1.75 billion contributed by 36 countries to fund GPEI’s 2004-2008 strategic plan focused on scaling up supplementary and routine immunization, enhancing surveillance, investing in certification processes and new tools, and integrating within national health systems. Highest contributors: US, UK, EC, Canada, Germany.

2005

2005

New vaccines tailored to specific polio strains for supplementary immunization become available.

2006

2006

Large-scale polio outbreaks in Yemen and Indonesia – which had both eliminated transmission – were successfully stopped, generating lessons for outbreak response.

2007

2007

More than 400 million children are immunized in 27 countries and only four endemic countries remain: Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

2010

2010

Polio outbreak in about 15 countries in 2009 due to importation had their last WPV case before mid-2010.

2008–2012

2008–2012

US$ 1.7 billion  contributed by 34 countries to fund GPEI’s 2009 Programme of Work and 2010-2012 Strategic Plan, focused on targeted approaches in Africa and Asia, improved surveillance and outbreak response, and stronger immunization systems. Highest contributors: US, UK, Germany, Canada, Japan.

2011

2011

India, the country that was regarded as the most difficult place to eradicate polio, recorded their last case of wild poliovirus in 2011.

2011

2011

Six of the eight African countries with new wild poliovirus outbreaks interrupted transmission of polio, including Angola, Chad, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

2013–2020

2013–2020

US$ 2.3 billion contributed by 17 countries toward the total US$ 5.5 billion needed for GPEI’s Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018. Another US$ 1.5 billion is now needed to complete eradication efforts.

2014

2014

In March 2014, the South-East Asian region was certified polio free, reaching a milestone – four fifths of the world’s population live in regions certified to be polio-free.

2017

2017

In June of 2017, GPEI will host a public replenishment to raise the funds needed for polio eradication at the Rotary International Convention in Atlanta.

2020

2020

2020, GPEI resources will have been wound down and critical components of polio programmes will have been integrated into other health services ensuring the world remains polio free.

Contributions and funding captured here are those from national governments only. Additional funding from multilateral agencies, philanthropies, NGOs and private sector donors to GPEI, though not reflected on this tracker, are critical to reaching the end of polio.

Milestones adapted from http://www.polioeradication.org/Polioandprevention/Historyofpolio.aspx